Thailand is roughly the same size as France or Texas and has a coastline that stretches about 3,000km. The north, bordering with Laos, the western border with Myanmar and the southern peninsula until Malaysia are mountainous and vegetated with lush rain forests. The eastern border with Laos is dominated by the fertile valley of the Mekong River. A forested mountainous area is situated along the border with Cambodia. The fertile central low-lying plains and the semi-arid northeastern plateau are known as ‘the rice-bowl of Asia’. Doi Inthanon is the highest mountain (2565 m). Phuket is the largest island
Thailand is a tropical country with temperatures ranging from 19 to 38 degrees and a high relative humidity. The country has 3 seasons: the summer from March to May, the rainy season with usually heavy but short showers from June to October and the cool, dry season from November to February. Chiang Mai is known for its pleasant climate. The average daytime temperatures here are a few degrees lower than in Bangkok all year round. Especially in the evening, in the cooler season, a sweater, thin jacket or cardigan can be pleasant or prove useful in the air-conditioned hotel rooms or coaches, which are often very cool. The coastal regions escape the worst of the heat thanks to cool sea breezes
Thailand has a population of over 69 million (2021), of which the Thai is the majority. In the past, the area was a thoroughfare of migratory peoples, so that large groups of people of Mon, Khmer, Burmese, Malay, Indian and especially Chinese descent now form a great ethnic diversity. However, the integration is such that a large social unit exists.
More than 90% of the population is Buddhist. In addition, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam, and other beliefs are also freely available. Buddhism has a strong influence on daily life, senior monks are highly revered and in towns and villages the temple is the center of social and religious life.
FORM of GOVERNMENT
Thailand has been a constitutional monarchy with a two-chamber parliament since 1932. The country has 77 provinces (changwat), subdivided into districts (ampur), municipalities (tambon) and villages (mooban).
The official language is Thai (with 44 consonants and 32 vowels). In most of the hotels and tourism attractions people do speak English